L-carnitine maintains the normal structure of the sciatic nerve

In crush injury, how L-carnitine maintains the normal structure of the sciatic nerve Several studies have demonstrated that L-carnitine exhibits neuroprotective effects on injured sciatic nerve of rats with diabetes mellitus. Dr. Ümmü Zeynep Avsar, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, Turkey and his team proposed a hypothesis that L-carnitine exhibits neuroprotective effects on injured sciatic nerve of rats. Rat sciatic nerve was crush injured by a forceps and exhibited degenerative changes. After intragastric administration of 50 and 100 mg/kg L-carnitine for 30 days, axon area, myelin sheath area, axon diameter, myelin sheath diameter, and numerical density of the myelinated axons of injured sciatic nerve were similar to normal, and the function of injured sciatic nerve also improved significantly. Learn more here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/279870.php

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Vitamin D Deficiency May Increase the Risk of Schizophrenia

Could vitamin D deficiency increase the risk of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that affects around 2.4 million American adults. It is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, dysfunctional thoughts and agitated body movements. Exactly what causes the condition is unclear, although previous studies have suggested that imbalances of chemical reactions in the brain, genetics and environmental factors may play a part. The researchers of this latest study, including Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, PhD, of the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Isfahan in Iran, set out to investigate whether there is an association between vitamin D deficiency and schizophrenia.

Learn more here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/279915.php

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Omega-3′s Against Lou Gehrig’s Disease

Omega-3s May Help Ward Off Lou Gehrig’s Disease

A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids may help cut your risk for the fatal neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, a new study suggests. These fatty acids — found most commonly in certain fish — are known to help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress on cells. Both of those processes can damage nerve tissue, according to the study authors. Inflammation and oxidative stress have long been linked with ALS, the study authors said, so any nutrient that fights those processes might be helpful.

Find out more info here: http://www.webmd.com/brain/news/20140715/omega-3s-in-diet-may-help-ward-off-lou-gehrigs-disease?src=RSS_PUBLIC

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Exercise May Help Smokers Quit

Exercising helps depressed smokers quit

People diagnosed with depression need to step out for a cigarette twice as often as smokers who are not dealing with a mood disorder. And those who have the hardest time shaking off the habit may have more mental health issues than they are actually aware of. Those insights were among the collective findings recently published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research by a team of researchers based in part at Concordia University. While nearly one in five North American adults are regular smokers, a figure that continues to steadily decline, about 40 per cent of depressed people are in need of a regular drag. The statistic motivated the researchers to investigate what was behind that higher percentage. The findings revealed that those who struggle with mental illness simply have a tougher time quitting, no matter how much they want to. The anxiety, cravings or lack of sleep that accompany typical attempts to quit cold turkey will have them scrambling for the smokes they might have sworn off earlier that evening. A person without clinical depression is better equipped to ride things out.

Learn more here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/280036.php

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Melatonin Reduces Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury-induced oxidative stress reduced by melatonin

Traumatic brain injury can cause post-traumatic neurodegenerations with an increase in reactive oxygen species and reactive oxygen species-mediated lipid peroxidation. Melatonin, a non-enzymatic antioxidant and neuroprotective agent, has been shown to counteract oxidative stress-induced pathophysiologic conditions like cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury, neuronal excitotoxicity and chronic inflammation. Therefore, the research team at the Neuroscience Research Center, University of Suleyman Demire, led by Prof. Mustafa Nazıroğlu, aimed to evaluate whether there would be a protective effect of melatonin on oxidative stress and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant levels in traumatic brain injury rats.

Find out more here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/280134.php

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Melatonin Reduces Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury-induced oxidative stress reduced by melatonin

Traumatic brain injury can cause post-traumatic neurodegenerations with an increase in reactive oxygen species and reactive oxygen species-mediated lipid peroxidation. Melatonin, a non-enzymatic antioxidant and neuroprotective agent, has been shown to counteract oxidative stress-induced pathophysiologic conditions like cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury, neuronal excitotoxicity and chronic inflammation. Therefore, the research team at the Neuroscience Research Center, University of Suleyman Demire, led by Prof. Mustafa Nazıroğlu, aimed to evaluate whether there would be a protective effect of melatonin on oxidative stress and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant levels in traumatic brain injury rats.

Find out more here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/280134.php

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Bowel Cancer Patients May Benefit from Vitamin D

Vitamin D linked with improved survival in bowel cancer patients

Higher levels of vitamin D in the blood are associated with a much better chance of surviving bowel cancer, scientists from Trinity College Dublin and the University of Edinburgh have discovered. The researchers analysed data from almost 1,600 patients treated for non-metastatic bowel cancer, i.e. bowel cancer that had not spread to other distant parts of the body. One in five, or 20% of the group with the lowest levels of vitamin D had died five years after diagnosis. However for those patients with the highest levels of vitamin D in their blood, 20% died ten years after diagnosis.

Learn more info here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/280167.php

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Bowel Cancer Patients May Benefit from Vitamin D

Vitamin D linked with improved survival in bowel cancer patients

Higher levels of vitamin D in the blood are associated with a much better chance of surviving bowel cancer, scientists from Trinity College Dublin and the University of Edinburgh have discovered. The researchers analysed data from almost 1,600 patients treated for non-metastatic bowel cancer, i.e. bowel cancer that had not spread to other distant parts of the body. One in five, or 20% of the group with the lowest levels of vitamin D had died five years after diagnosis. However for those patients with the highest levels of vitamin D in their blood, 20% died ten years after diagnosis.

Learn more info here: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/280167.php

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Coffee and Hot Flashes?

Woman Stressed

Is Coffee Aggravating Your Hot Flashes?

Drinking caffeine may worsen the hot flashes and night sweats that affect roughly two-thirds of women as they go through menopause, new survey data suggests. “While these findings are preliminary, our study suggests that limiting caffeine intake may be useful for those postmenopausal women who have bothersome hot flashes and night sweats,” said researcher Dr. Stephanie Faubion, director of the Women’s Health Clinic at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. But caffeine — a stimulant found in coffee and colas — appears to have a different effect on women beginning the transition into menopause (known as perimenopause). In their case, caffeine might boost their mood, memory and concentration, the survey suggested.

Learn more here: http://www.webmd.com/menopause/news/20140724/is-coffee-aggravating-your-hot-flashes?src=RSS_PUBLIC

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Alcohol Users May Benefit from Fish Oil

Fish Oil May Benefit Alcohol Abusers 

Omega-3 fish oil might help protect against alcohol-related neurodamage and the risk of eventual dementia, according to a study published in the journal PLOS ONE. Many human studies have shown that long-term alcohol abuse causes brain damage and increases the risk of dementia. The new study found that in brain cells exposed to high levels of alcohol, a fish oil compound protected against inflammation and neuronal cell death. The study was conducted by Michael A. Collins, PhD, Edward J. Neafsey, PhD, and colleagues at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, and collaborators at the University of Kentucky and the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).

Find out more here: http://www.nutraceuticalsworld.com/contents/view_breaking-news/2014-07-21/fish-oil-may-benefit-alcohol-abusers/

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