It is estimated that 54 percent of dogs and cats in the US are overweight or obese, placing them at a higher risk for arthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure and decreased life expectancy. For pet owners, the first step toward preventing and battling obesity is to learn the ideal weight range for their pet’s breed. Then pet owners can help their pets live the healthiest and most active lives possible by integrating proper nutrition and fitness into their pet’s lifestyle. Pet owners can easily conduct a body-condition scoring test at home by using their hands to estimate the amount of fat on their pet’s abdomen, spine and ribs. Indicators of a healthy weight for a pet are that ribs are easily felt, there is no sagging stomach and the waist is apparent when viewed from above. Indicators of an overweight pet include difficulty feeling ribs under fat, a sagging stomach, a broad, flat back and no appearance of a defined waist.