Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata) grows extensively in Europe, Asia, Siberia, and North and South America. It is actually classified as a protected species in Germany. Pipsissewa is a member of the Ericaceae family. The whole above ground parts of the plant are used medicinally. Pipsissewa is a semishrub with an angular stem and bright to to white flowers. The main constituents of pipsissewa are arbutin and chimaphilin. It has shown weak sensitizing effects as well as antisepic, antibacterial, and astringent properties. Pipsissewa is most commonly used as a urinary antiseptic. It is also taken orally as a diuretic, for bladder stones, nervous disorders, and antispasmodic activities.
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