Ribose, or D-Ribose (Beta-D-ribofuranose), is a pentose sugar that is crucial for all living creature. Ribose is a component of the RNA that is used for genetic transcription, and is related to deoxyribose which is a component of DNA. It is also a component of ATP, NADH, and several other chemicals that are critical to the metabolic process. During strenuous exercise, large amounts of ATP, the body's primary energy-carrying molecule, can be depleted in heart and skeletal muscle cells. Ribose is a simple sugar used by the body to synthesize nucleotides, ATP, nucleic acids, and glycogen.
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