Other FormsVitamin E D-Alpha Tocopheryl Vitamin E - d-alpha tocopheral Vitamin E Total Tocopherols Mixed Tocopherols Emulsified Vitamin E Dry Vitamin E D-Beta-Tocopherol d-Alpha-Tocopherol d-Alpha Tocotrienol d-Alpha Tocopherol Succinate Beta-Tocopherol d-gamma-tocopherol Delta-Tocopherol Gamma Tocopherol Gamma-Tocopherol Tocopherol Tocopherol Acetate Tocopherol Complex Vitamin E (d-alpha Tocopherol) Gamma-E Complex Natural E Natural Mixed Tocopherols Natural Vitamin E Other Tocopherols Tocopheryl Acetate
Vitamin E can be broken down into two groups, tocols and tocotrienols, which can then be further classified as alpha-, beta-, gamma-, or delta-. In other words, there are eight forms of vitamin E. Each vitamer is fat-soluble and has distinct biological activities. Tocopherols (tocols) richest sources are plant foods, especially vegetable oils. Tocotrienols are found in abundance in legumes and cereal grains such as wheat, barley, rice, and oats. Vitamin E is well known for its antioxidant roles within the body; for example, it effectively combats carbon-centered radicals, reactive nitrogen species, and more. One of the primary functions is to maintain the integrity of cell membranes. Vitamin E is closely connected to glutathione peroxidase as well as the function of selenium. Evidence shows immunomodulatory and antiatherogenic activity as well. Vitamin E is rarely deficient however, it is important to ensure your system is receiving enough for proper functioning and good health.
Vitamin E should not be combined with warfarin, anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs due to an increased risk of bleeding. Be cautious when using nitrates with vitamin E as vitamin E may reduce the tolerance of nitrates by the body. The following drugs may reduce the absorption and levels of vitamin E in the body: cholestyramine, colestipol, ethanol, fish oils, mineral oil, gemfibrozil, and orlistat. As with any drug or supplement, consult a health care professional before use.
For the most part, vitamin E is well tolerated. There have only been rare reports of side effects in connection to vitamin E supplementation such as nausea, diarrhea, intestinal cramps, fatigue, headache, weakness, impaired vision, and rash.
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