Pycnogenol (French Maritime Pine Bark)
Pycnogenol is known by a variety of other names such as PCO, OPCs, French Maritime Pine Bark, and Procyanidin Oligomers. Pycnogenol is a member of the Pinaceae family. Pycnogenol comes from the bark of a French maritime pine tree. It contains a variety of constituents such as flavonoids monomoers (catechin, epicatechin, taxifolin), procyanidins (procyanidin B1, B3, B6, and B7), phenolic acids (gallic, ferulic, caffeic, vanillic, p-coumarin, protcatechuic, p-hydroxynezoice acids), glucosides, and glucose esters. Pycnogenol has no reported adverse reactions.
Pycnogenol has been used for chronic venous insufficiency, allergies, muscle soreness, pain, maintaining skin health, and much more. Topically, pycnogenol is used in anti-aging creams.