Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a member of the Lamiaceae/Labiatae family. The plant is indigenous to the Mediterranean region and Portugal; it is cultivated in those areas as well as Central Asia, India, Southeast Asia, South Africa, Australia, and the United States. Rosemary leaf and the oil extracted from the leaves can be used medicinally. The oil contains cineole, borneol, camphor, and pinenes. Rosemary leaf oil has a soothing effect on the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract and in the ducts of the gallbladder. Rosemary has antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant properties. It can also be used topically to increase blood circulation and wound healing. Rosemary leaf oil is most commonly used for appetite loss, blood pressure problems, rheumatism, and liver and gallbladder problems.
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Cautions Orally, large amounts of rosemary migh cause vomiting, and gastroenteritis.