Buckwheat (Fagopyrum Esculentum) is a member of the Polygonaceae family. The plant is native to central Asia and is now cultivated in Europe. Buckwheat leaves and flowers can be used for medicinal purposes. Tocopherols, phenolic acids, and flavonoids are considered the active constituents of Buckwheat. Some of the flavonoids present are rutin, orientin, quercetin, quercitrin, isoorientin, isovitexin, and vitexin. Buckwheat also contains naphthadianthrones. It is reported to have some antioxidant activity
Buckwheat is typically consumed as a flour. In this form and supplements made from it, buckwheat provides the body with proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, water, and amino acids.
Buckwheat is used orally for the veins to help alleviate venous stasis and varicose veins. It has also been used for the arteris and diabetes.