Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) can be found in numerous subspecies across eastern, southeastern, and central Europe. The plant has pink, white, or purple composite flowers. It is a member of the Asteraceae/Compositae family. The appliable parts of yarrow are the flower clusters and other above ground parts. Yarrow contains amino acids, fatty acids, ascorbic acid, caffeic acid, folic acid, salicylic acid, succinic acid, alkaloids, flavonoids including rutin, tannins, volatile oil, and sugars. There is also an unknown cyanogenetic compound. Yarrow has diaphoretic, antipuretic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, astringent, diuretic, urinary antiseptic, and antiflatulent effects. Yarrow is commonly used for fever, cold, diarrhea, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal discomfort, and to induce sweating. Yarrow is also used topically.
Food Sources Orally, large amounts of yarrow may cause sedative and diuretic effects.
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Cautions Orally, large amounts of yarrow may cause sedative and diuretic effects.