Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) was first discovered in 1569 by Spanish explorers in Peru. It is a member of the Passifloaceae family. It is also known as passiflora, passion vine, passionblume, apricot vine, corona de cristo, maypop, madre selva, and fleur de la passion. The vine grows up to 30 feet in length. Passionflower can be found naturally growing from the southeastern United States to Brazil and Argentina. It is now cultivated in Europe, where it is also considered a garden plant. The above ground parts of passionflower are used medicinally. Passionflower contains several active constituents, including the flavonoids apigenin, luteolin, quercetin, kaempferol, and vitexin. Passionflower also contains harman alkaloids, including harmine, harmaline, harmalol, harman, and harmin. The vine has sedative and antispasmodic effects. It is also thought to relieve pain. Passionflower is a remedy for nervousness and insomnia.
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Cautions Orally, passionflower may cause dizziness in some people.